Pampaneira’s cultural heritage can be seen in its urban design, folklore, cuisine, popular fiestas and crafts. The village of Pampaneira has a number of shops dedicated to traditional popular crafts.
It seems that plato alpujarreño, a typical Alpujarran dish made with peppers, onion, fried eggs, jamón, pork loin, morcilla (a sort of black pudding) and chorizo, was first served in one of Pampaneira’s
restaurants. Another popular dish in the municip-ality is puchero de cascarones, made with pancetta, pork backbone, “cascarones” (dried beans in their pods), potatoes and water. Roscos de manteca, are a typical dessert, made with lard, aguardiente (a strong spirit), wine and sugar.
The name Pampaneira comes from the Latin word pampinarius, which means “producer of vine leaves”, which could be interpreted as “land of vines”. During the Nasrid period, the area under-
went a process of considerable economic and social development as a result of its prosperous silk industry. After the Rebellion of the Alpujarras and the subsequent expulsion of the Moors, Christian resettlers came to the region from León and Galicia. Remnants of old human settlements have been found in the outskirts of the municipal district. These include the settlement known as Alayar, which dates from Medieval times, which may have been abandoned when the Moors were driven out of the region. Another example is Belezmín, one of the first settlements in the Taha de Poqueira, which appears to have been founded by Yemeni settlers.