A wide range of many different elements combine to form the cultural heritage of the municipality of Cádiar, including its streets, fiestas, cuisine and folklore. There are several cultural associations, including Cadiarte, the Asociación de Troveros (Trovo Singers Association), Amigos de la Fuente del Vino (Friends of the Fountain of Wine) or the Círculo Cultural Agrícola y Comercial (Agricultural and Commercial Cultural Circle), the oldest association in the municipality. Cádiar is also home to a number of artists who work in various different fields, such as Enrique Morón, Manuel Martín, Paca López or the band Alpujarra Libre, not forgetting the local marching band, set up more than one hundred years ago.
Cádiar’s cuisine is made using local products, washed down with delicious local soups and stews. Potaje de puñaíllo (“handful stew”) is a particularly interesting stew. It is made with a handful of chickpeas, a handful of beans, a handful of campion, a handful of rice, garlic, onion and potatoes. Minchos can be sweet or savoury, and are made with water, milk, eggs and oil.
The name of the municipality is derived from the Arabic al cadí, which means “the judge”. In the 15th century, it was made a villa (royal borough), but there was a mass exodus after the Moors were driven out of the area. Later, new settlers came from other parts of the Kingdom. During the Al-Andalus period, Narila was the permanent resid-ence of the chief judge of the Eastern Alpujarra.
In the Muslim period, the municipality was made up of five districts and two annexes. During the Morisco Revolt, in Philip II’s time, it was the
homeland of Abén Xaguar, uncle of Abén Humeya, and the man responsible for his election. The first rebel chief was crowned King of Andalusia in an olive grove near Cádiar.
Archaeological sites in the municipality include the settlement on the Cerro de la Tinaja, which dates back to the end of the Bronze Age, and the Yacimiento de Narila, an archaeological site on a mountain peak standing some 1,500 metres above sea level, where the remains of a settlement dating from the Early Middle Ages have been found (the pottery found is from a period prior to the Moors’ arrival in the area).